This system is the main way to immigrate and settle permanently in Canada. Due to the demographics of the country, the immigration plan for 2022-2024 plans to increase the number of new residents. This is the time to take the opportunity to submit an application for permanent residence.
The Canadian population is aging and retiring in record numbers. This is why the Trudeau government has revised its immigration plan to deal with the labor shortage. For 2022-2024, it plans to grow from 184,606 people in 2020 to 431,000 new residents in 2022 and 451,000 in 2024. The number of permanent residents is to reach 1% of the Canadian population each year, in addition to international students and workers. temporary.
“Welcoming immigrants is part of Canada’s DNA,” comments Louise Van Winkle, responsible for promoting Francophone immigration at the Canadian Embassy in Paris. The country was built thanks to the arrival of new populations, starting with the First Nations and then the Europeans. Today, immigration is mainly through economic categories. The aim is to attract workers who have energy and skills but also to meet the specific needs of the labor market, with its regional variations”.
How does Express Entry work?
Since 2015, Canada has used the Express Entry system to select skilled immigrants who wish to settle permanently outside the province of Quebec.
Express Entry consists of two main steps:
- During the first major stage, eligible applicants notify the Canadian government of their interest in obtaining permanent resident status in Canada.
- In the second big step, the Canadian government invites the highest ranked candidates to apply to immigrate to Canada.
Three immigration programs are managed under Express Entry:
- The Skilled Worker Program
This program is reserved for workers who have at least one year of continuous full-time work experience or the paid equivalent within the last ten years in a skilled occupation at skill level 0, A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC). They must have a validated intermediate or higher language proficiency in English or French; a certificate of studies (certificate, diploma or license) and an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report for applicants who studied outside of Canada; and at least 67 points according to the points grid.
- The Skilled Trades Program
This category is for individuals who have a minimum of two years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade in the five years preceding the application. These are electrical, construction and industrial trades, maintenance and equipment operation trades, chefs and cooks, butchers, bakers, pastry chefs, supervisors and technical trades in natural resources, agriculture and related production, and supervisory personnel in processing, manufacturing and utilities and central control post operators. They must both meet the skilled trade requirements, language proficiency criteria and have a full-time job offer in Canada for at least one year or a certificate of qualification in the skilled trade provided by an official Canadian authority.
- The Canadian Experience Class
This category is for international students and foreign workers who have acquired at least one year of skilled, professional or technical work experience in Canada in the three years preceding the date of application and who meet the language proficiency criteria.
How much does it cost ?
Each administrative step to become a permanent resident has a cost. Regardless of the program chosen (Provincial Nominee, Canadian Experience Class, Atlantic Canada Immigration Program, Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program, Skilled Trades Workers (Federal), Skilled Workers ( federal)), it is necessary to provide:
- Processing fees to be paid at the time of application: CAD $825 for the main applicant (and spouse) and CAD $225 per dependent child.
- Biometrics fees: $85 CAD / person or $170 / family of 2 or more people.
- Fees for obtaining permanent resident status: $500 CAD for the main applicant (and for their spouse)
Unless you are in the Canadian Experience Class or authorized to work in Canada and have a valid job offer, you must also demonstrate that you have enough money to support yourself and to those of your family during your first months in Canada. This compulsory financial reserve is CAD $13,213 for a single person and CAD $16,449 for a couple.